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Studies of typographical factors influencing speed of reading II

In Artigo, Journal of Applied Psychology, University of Minnesota on setembro 21, 2008 at 2:42 am

Título: Studies of typographical factors influencing speed of reading. II. Size of type.
Autores: Donald G. Paterson e Miles A. Tinker
Publicado em: Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 13(2) (apr. 1929), pp. 120-130
Data: 1929
Nº de páginas: 11

Acesso: Ovid

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Summary and conclusions

1. The present experiment continues previous work of the writers on mechanical factors influencing speed of reading and is a further demonstration of the suitability of the Chapman-Cook Speed of Reading Tests whereby one mechanical factor at a time may be varied coupled with adequate controls as regards practice effects, length of text, number of subjects, and checks on comprehension. The literature on the effect
of size of type on speed of reading reveals the need of just such improvements in methodology if results of greater universal validity are to be secured

2. A speed of reading record was obtained for texts set up in 6, 8,10,12, and 14 pomt type with line length kept constant at 80 Tmrn. Comparisons were made between 10 point (as a standard) and each of the other sizes of type. There were 320 college students used in the experiment.

3. Texts in 6, 8,12, and 14 point type were read more slowly than the text in 10 point. The differences ranged from 5.2 to 6.9 per cent and were all statistically significant. The increasingly important r61e of reading in all phases of modern life in which every possible scientific application and every feasible mechanical invention is promptly utilized in the race for efficiency emphasizes the practical significance of differences in speed of reading as small as 5 per cent. In the total amount of reading done in the lifetime of millions of people a saving of 5 per cent bulks extremely large.

4. The results obtained in this experiment justify the conclusion that, for a line length of 80 mm. and for the comparisons here made, 10 point type yields the fastest reading and is thus the optimum size of type (in comparison with other sizes used) for efficient reading.

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