Artigos sobre o meio editorial

Types of readers, reading material, and method as revealed by eye-movement records

In Artigo, The Modern Language Journal on setembro 21, 2008 at 5:56 pm

Título: Types of readers, reading material, and method as revealed by eye-movement records
Autores:
Eugene Spendiaroff
Publicado em:
The Modern Language Journal, vol. 19, nº 3 (dec. 1934), pp. 165-170
Data:
1934
Nº de páginas: 6

Acesso: JSTOR

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Summary of conclusions: The analysis of the table based on the eye-movement record as studied by different investigators in the field shows that:

1. Mature reading habits both in the vernacular and in a foreign language are characterized by a similar eye-movement record, the principal feature of which is the wide span of recognition.

2. Those materials and methods which tend to the analysis of separate words, symbols, or sounds (translation, grammar-trans- lation, phonetic methods, and texts), are not likely to lead to the development of mature reading habits.

3. Where meaning is associated directly with written signs or symbols (as in mathematical formulae), the rate of reading is slower than in the reading of texts, owing to the comparatively narrow recognition-span (analytic type of reading-“passive” attitude).

4. This leads to the conclusion that the wide span of recognition in mature silent reading for content (both in the vernacular and in a foreign language), is not really due to quick “visual” compre- hension alone, but rather to the fact of its being aided by the solid aural and oral preparation which makes it possible to “fuse the word symbols into consecutive thought-units with no consideration of the words as such” (synthetical type of reading-“active” attitude).

5. Hence, those methods which stress the passive attitude (recognition-vocabulary, recognition-grammar, etc.) may lead to focussing the mind too much on the acquisition of words rather than “thought units” (analytical type of procedure), thus being uncongenial to the development of mature reading habits.

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